Holy League

(Sainte Ligue or Sainte Union)
   The Ligue, or sainte Ligue, was a confederation of French Catholics that played an essential role in the Religious Wars in France after 1576. Formed initially in picardy to resist the application of the Peace of Monsieur (1576), the Ligue (or League) quickly spread through the rest of the country. To its avowed purpose, the defense of the Catholic faith, was added the goal of dethroning henry III in favor of Henri de Guise (see house of guise), its leader. sustained by subsidies from Philip II of spain, the Ligue became extremely powerful after the day of the barricades and took action when the succession passed to Henri de Navarre (henry iv) upon the death of the duke of Anjou. Henry III had tricked Henry of Guise into coming to Blois, where he was assassinated, along with his brother, the cardinal of Lorraine. This provoked a general uprising. charles de lorraine, duke of mayenne, became head of the Ligue and continued the struggle against Henry IV after the assassination of Henry III. Meanwhile, the Ligue had proclaimed the cardinal of Bourbon as king under the name Charles X. In 1590, Mayenne attacked Arques and ivry, but Paris continued to hold out. The abjuration of his Protestantism by Henry IV added to the discrediting of the Ligue, which had already been weakened by internal conflicts and by the claims of Philip II to the French throne. In 1594, Mayenne and Henry IV signed an agreement that put an end to the religious wars.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holy League — may refer to:* Holy League (1495), AKA League of Venice , alliance of several opponents of French hegemony in Italy, arranged by Pope Alexander VI * League of Cambrai, anti Venetian alliance that included Louis XII of France, Holy Roman Emperor… …   Wikipedia

  • Holy League — (1576–98) Association of Roman Catholics during the French Wars of Religion. It was first organized under the leadership of the 3rd duke de Guise, to oppose concessions granted to the Protestant Huguenots by Henry III. In 1584, when the Huguenot… …   Universalium

  • Holy League — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Holy League (1571) — Standard of the Holy League used in the Battle of Lepanto. The Holy League of 1571 was arranged by Pope St. Pius V and included almost all the major Catholic maritime states in the Mediterranean. It was intended to break the Ottoman Turks control …   Wikipedia

  • Holy League (1538) — The Holy League of 1538 was a short lived alliance of Christian states arranged by Pope Paul III at the urging of the Republic of Venice.In 1537 the Ottoman corsair and admiral Barbarossa Hayreddin, Pasha of Algiers, had nearly captured the… …   Wikipedia

  • The Holy League — League League (l[=e]g), n. [F. ligue, LL. liga, fr. L. ligare to bind; cf. Sp. liga. Cf. {Ally} a confederate, {Ligature}.] 1. An alliance or combination of two or more nations, parties, organizations, or persons, for the accomplishment of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • War of the Holy League — There were several wars of the Holy League in European history:* Part of the War of the League of Cambrai from 1511 to 1513, involving the Holy League * The war against the Ottoman Empire from 1570 to 1573, centered around the Battle of Lepanto * …   Wikipedia

  • League — (l[=e]g), n. [F. ligue, LL. liga, fr. L. ligare to bind; cf. Sp. liga. Cf. {Ally} a confederate, {Ligature}.] 1. An alliance or combination of two or more nations, parties, organizations, or persons, for the accomplishment of a purpose which… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • holy — /hoh lee/, adj., holier, holiest, n., pl. holies. adj. 1. specially recognized as or declared sacred by religious use or authority; consecrated: holy ground. 2. dedicated or devoted to the service of God, the church, or religion: a holy man. 3.… …   Universalium

  • league — league1 /leeg/, n., v., leagued, leaguing. n. 1. a covenant or compact made between persons, parties, states, etc., for the promotion or maintenance of common interests or for mutual assistance or service. 2. the aggregation of persons, parties,… …   Universalium

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